A bladder infection. Rod-shaped Escherichia coli bacteria (yellow) are seen on epithelial cells (blue) of the bladder. The epithelial surface has secreted thick mucus filaments and blood (red blood cells).
The Prevalence and Overlap of Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome and Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in Men
RAND Interstitial Cystitis Epidemiology Male Study. The Journal of Urology, v. 189, no. 1, Jan. 2013, p. 141-145
Epidemiology of urinary tract infections: incidence, morbidity, and economic costs
Am J Med. 2002; 113:5–11S
The epidemiology of urinary tract infection
Nat Rev Urol. 2010 Dec;7(12):653-60. doi: 10.1038/nrurol.2010.190
Diagnosis of coliform infection in acutely dysuric women
Stamm WE, Counts GW, Running KR, Fihn S, Turck M, Holmes KK.
N Engl J Med. 1982 Aug 19;307(8):463-8.
Common errors in diagnosis and management of urinary tract infection.
By Martina Franz & Walter H Horl.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, Volume 14, Issue 11, 1 November 1999, Pages 2746–2753
The New World of the Urinary Microbiome in Women.
By Linda Brubaker and Alan J Wolfe.
Biofilm Formartion and Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern Among Uropathogens.
By CharanKaur Dardi & Sanjivani Maral.
The unexplored relationship between urinary tract infections and the autonomic nervous system.
By Hibbing, Conover & Hultgren.
Urinary tract infections: epidemiology, mechanisms of infection and treatment options.
By Flores-Mireles, Walker, Caparon & Hultgren.
From physiology to pharmacy: developments in the pathogenesis and treatment of recurrent urinary tract infections.
By Silverman JA, Schreiber HL, Hooton TM & Hultgren SJ.
Bacterial biofilms: development, dispersal, and therapeutic strategies in the dawn of the postantibiotic era.
By Kostakioti M, Hadjifrangiskou M & Hultgren SJ.
Host-pathogen checkpoints and population bottlenecks in persistent and intracellular uropathogenic Escherichia coli bladder infection.
By Hannan TJ, Totsika M, Mansfield KJ, Moore KH, Schembri MA & Hultgren SJ.
Intracellular lifestyles and immune evasion strategies of uropathogenic Escherichia coli.
By Hunstad DA & Justice SS.
Enterococcus faecalis Subverts and Invades the Host Urothelium in Patients with Chronic Urinary Tract Infection.
By Harry Horsley ,James Malone-Lee, David Holland, Madeleine Tuz, Andrew Hibbert, Michael Kelsey, Anthony Kupelian & Jennifer L. Rohn.
Detection of Intracellular Bacterial Communities in Human Urinary Tract Infection
By David A Rosen ,Thomas M Hooton ,Walter E Stamm ,Peter A Humphrey & Scott J Hultgren.
Detection of intracellular bacterial communities in a child with Escherichia coli recurrent urinary tract infections.
By Luciana Robino, Paola Scavone, Lucia Araujo, Gabriela Algorta, Pablo Zunino & Rafael Vignoli.
Bacteria in the bladder wall of women with lower urinary tract symptoms: An interesting finding.
By Vijaya G , Dutta S , Singh A U , Bray R , Digesu A , Fernando R , Khullar V.
Biofilms and Urinary Tract Infections (part 1)
By Nita Bishop, N.D. & Rowan Hamilton.
Biofilms and Urinary Tract Infections (part 2)
By Nita Bishop, N.D. & Rowan Hamilton.
A blinded observational cohort study of the microbiological ecology associated with pyuria and overactive bladder symptoms
Kiren Gill, Ryoon Kang, Sanchutha Sathiananthamoorthy Rajvinder KhasriyaJames Malone-Lee.
Discrediting microscopic pyuria and leucocyte esterase as diagnostic surrogates for infection in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms: results from a clinical and laboratory evaluation
Kupelian AS1, Horsley H, Khasriya R, Amussah RT, Badiani R, Courtney AM, Chandhyoke NS, Riaz U, Savlani K, Moledina M, Montes S, O’Connor D, Visavadia R, Kelsey M, Rohn JL, Malone-Lee J.
Biofilms Made Easy.
By Phillips PL, Wolcott RD, Fletcher J & Schultz GS.
Intracellular Bacterial Communities: A Potential Etiology for Chronic Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms.
By Scott, Haake, Churchill, Justice & Kim.
Diagnosing Treating Bacterial Biofilm Infections. Interview with Randy Wolcott by Richard Longland.
Filamentation by Escherichia coli subverts innate defenses during urinary tract infection.
By Sheryl S Justice, David A Hunted, Patrick C Seed & Scott J Hultgren.